Zen is a form of Buddhism from the Japanese tradition that emphasizes intuition and meditative states. The Zen garden has a simplistic construction that allows the garden creator’s mind to rest, The viewer achieves this state of peace with mental focus.
While some Zen gardens include plants and aquatic elements, rocks and gravel are the standard components. The stones are vital design elements, as they represent natural elements, such as trees, fire, or water.
These gardens are abstract, giving the viewer a sense of emptiness. This allows meditation to bring the garden’s inhabitant to a state of knowledge of self and freedom. In some countries, Zen gardens improve focus, develop peace, and reduce stress, among other claimed benefits.
Some Zen gardens include bridges or paths. These structures create depth of field, giving the viewer a feeling of distance. The garden appears to extend beyond its boundaries. This allows the viewer to use the structure as a focal point during meditation.
Well-designed Zen gardens are woks of art which should draw its visitors into contemplative states, as they wonder about the reasoning and symbolism behind each rock and pebble.